Political Suicide in Latin America.

Argentina built its economic strength during 1880-1914 on exporting beef and agricultural products to 'the North Atlantic industrial world' (Skidmore & Smith 2001, p70). Immigration from southern Europe (especially Spain and Italy) and investment (at first mainly from Britain, followed by France and Germany) would help develop the country, and also 'give Argentina a distinctly European quality, with the resulting tension among the Argentines as their real national identity', as well as discounting in the large measure the influence of the Indian and the gaucho (the horsemen of the pampas) in national life (Skidmore & Smith 2001, pp70-73, though the gaucho would become an important literary image, e.g. in Ricardo Rojas' poem ). During the 19th century and first half of the 20th century Argentina was one of the fastest growing economies in the world and through 1945 the peso was a one of the strongest currencies in the world backed by huge gold reserves (Falcoff 2000). For a time, its GDP per capita was higher than European countries (Carlin 2002), and it was viewed as an emerging power within South America. Some general decline in this economy over the last five decades has been postulated as due to public sector inefficiencies created under the regime of General Peron (1946-55), decline in agricultural exports as the European Union became more self-sufficient, and loss of markets after the collapse of the Soviet Union, which was a major importer of cereals (Falcoff 2000). At a social level, it is possible that a certain 'get-rich-quick' mentality may have permeated the aspirations of many Argentines, leading later on to intensified political and economic instability (Carlin 2002).

Political Suicide in Latin America: And Other … | WHSmith

Read the full-text online edition of Political Suicide in Latin America and Other ..

women are stepping up the political ladder in Latin America, ..

Chile, after Uruguay, traditionally has been one of South America's best educated and most stable and politically sophisticated nations. Chile enjoyed constitutional and democratic government for most of its history as a republic, particularly after the adoption of the 1833 constitution. After a period of quasi-dictatorial rule in the 1920s and early 1930s, Chile developed a reputation for stable democratic government. Like Uruguayans, Chileans have benefited from state-run universities, welfare institutions, and, beginning in 1952, a national health system. (Hudson 1994).

beispiel essay america essay in latin other political suicide ..

Through the 1960s and 70s import substitution strategies did not lead to sustained economic growth, and this combined with increased unemployed and political crises led to the forceful intervention of the military which ran repressive regimes, e.g. Brazil 1964, Argentina 1966, and Chile 1973 (Skidmore & Smith 2001, p56). In turn, these regimes created 'bureaucratic-authoritarian' states designed to clamp down on dissent, restore economic growth, and consolidate cooperate with international economic forces and transnational corporations (Skidmore & Smith 2001, p57). At the same time, many of these countries increased their borrowing and debt, e.g. Latin American debt rose from $27 billion in 1970 to $231 billion by 1980 (Skidmore & Smith 2001, p58). This led in the 1980s to a debt crisis in most of these countries, with high levels of debt servicing, and in many cases the intervention of the IMF (International Monetary Fund) to help these countries but only under stringent conditions of structural adjustment. This locked many of these countries more firmly into the global economy, but also reduced their ability to maintain social services and developmental programs (see Brown 1999).

The United States then continued to integrate with Latin America into its political, economic and military orbit.
Buy Political Suicide in Latin America: And Other Essays From WHSmith today

social issues :: Latin America Current Events & News

Democracy, of course, derives from the Greek word and literally means the rule of the people. Traditionally, it goes back to one pattern in Greek city states such as Athens and Samos, where for a time citizens (excluding slaves and women) had political power through various forms of direct representation, election officials, and the democratic jury system (see Farrar 1988; Finley 1985; Ober 1989; Sinclair 1988). In the modern period, democracies tend to be representative democracies, based largely on the election of officials into senates, congresses and parliaments (Burnheim 1985; Duncan 1983; Watson & Barbar 1990), and for much of Latin America, the election of the President. On this basis, many of these countries can be said to be procedural democracies, i.e. that have an electoral process and political system that look like a democracy.

Articles tagged with 'Social Issues' at Latin America Current Events & News

The Politics of Gay Marriage in Latin America:

What this suggests that in the broader context that there needs to be a stronger commitment both to democracy (including real notions of liberty) as well as to the conditions of broadly based growth, both in terms of international policies as well as policies within Latin American countries (see Llosa 2001). Without this support, there will be a tendency to trade off support for democracy in terms of a narrow "neo-liberalism" that is more concerned with an economic dogma that supports short term gains for particular groups in the international economic system (Llosa 2001). There are lessons to be learned from Chile and Argentina. Democratisation remains an ongoing struggle to achieve political fairness and economic stability (McSherry 2000). Simple re-democratisation is not enough to build stable communities.

essay bilse und ich singe religulous movie essays accepting oneself essay america essay in latin other political suicide

*FREE* shipping on qualifying offers

Likewise, in modern thought, democracies should not only empower majority rule, but should also protect minority rights, human rights more generally, and individual liberties, i.e. we often speak of liberal democracies which balance these difference needs. We have already seen that in the past, various Latin American states have fallen short of these requirements even when allowing elections, e.g. Mexico's (the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI) limited the ability of a genuine opposition to form through its control of the press and its vast mobilisation of state resources (Klesner 2001 p107; Ruiz 1992, p449), while even Cuba has local elections but does not allow genuine opposition parties. Likewise, a country such as Venezuela under President Chavez has favoured a mobilisation of popular, direct participation designed to support a strongly Presidentialist system that undermines the powers of other elected officials (Ellner 2001; Levine 1999).