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Primarily, the Mexican Revolution was an agrarian revolution which changed social landscape of the society. At the beginning of XX century, the Mexican working class was divided into various groups. While this process of the unification of the Mexican working class was well on the way toward realization, General Lázaro Cárdenas became president of the nation and a new era in the history of Mexico and the Mexican labor movement dawned. In characterizing the status of the labor movement during the period from 1910 to 1928, the historians (Rouquié, 1987; Kuecker, 2004) wrote about the natural fear of business enterprise toward the organized labor movement, the numerous strikes and conflicts -many times artificial, the corruption of the labor leaders, the political exploitation of the workers in their electoral masquerades, the spectacles of the fights between unions (jurisdictional disputes), and the radical program of the unions strongly hindered the prestige of the movement among the upper classes (generally hostile), the middle classes (generally indifferent), and even spread confusion and distrust among the workers themselves. According to this authority, the entire country developed a feeling of ill will toward the organized worker movement. “Gonzales presents the revolution as driven by political elites, mainly from northern Mexico, who struggled to contain the more radical impulses from the popular classes, mainly landless peasants and organized labor” (Kuecker 2004, 350).
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Essay on the Mexican Revolution
For a long time, Latin America and Mexico had suffered from slavery and oppression, neocolonialism and imperialism. Since members of a community took an identical view of their culture, institutionalizing its autonomy risked perpetuating the role of the dominant elite and threatening basic individual liberties to which the wider society could not remain wholly indifferent, especially when disaffected individuals created disorder or asked for help. Mexican Revolution was one of the main steps against the U.S. dictatorship.
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From social and cultural perspectives, the revolution changed social consciousness of all classes, their understating of freedom and equal rights. In general, the main doctrine for Mexico was a workable basis of social cooperation for liberal democratic societies. In making this move, they assumed that political cultures of democratic societies were substantially alike, that they were more or less homogeneous, and that their fundamental ideas could be identified with relative ease and without much disagreement (Rock, 1994). The democratic public culture was neutral between and capable of providing a ‘nondoctrinal basis’ for a society divided by comprehensive doctrines.