Conscription in australia ww2 essay

Britain's left-wing unions had opposed conscription because of the huge losses of World war I, but in the deepening European crisis the Trade Union Council agreed to support the Governments conscription plans (May 1939).

Conscription : Conscription during World War Two

The ruins of St Martin's Church and the Clock Tower at Ypres,Belgium during World War 1.

Conscription during World War One; ..

The Scullin Labor government 1929-32 abolished compulsory military training so, on the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939 the conservative government, led by Robert Menzies, chose to reintroduce the measure. All single men on turning 21 were required to undertake three months training with the militia to prepare them for home defence. Over the next two years the military position greatly worsened. The Japanese successes in the Pacific meant that Australia faced a serious threat of invasion. In February 1942 the Labor Prime Minister, John Curtin (an opponent of conscription in the First World War), expanded the definition of 'home defence' to cover the south-west Pacific.

Conscription during World War Two

For a short period after the Allied victory in 1945, conscription became a non-issue. The development of a 'cold war' between the Western powers and the countries of the Soviet bloc led the conservative Menzies coalition government to introduce yet another conscription scheme with universal national service for 18 year old men. Conscripts were not part of the Australian forces who served in Korea, Malaya and Borneo. From 1954 communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam were at war. In the 1960s hundreds of thousands of United States troops were involved in support of South Vietnam and the Australian government also decided to commit troops.

Stories of 165 of the more than 9000 Canadians taken as Prisoners of War during World War II.

Conscription : Conscription during the Vietnam War

Conscription refers to the act of forcing individuals to serve in the military. In addition to a formal military draft, compulsory training and militia service is also a part of conscription history. While it has precedents from the Roman Empire and the feudal era in the Western Hemisphere, conscription really began to be cemented as a part of the modern military service dynamic during the Napoleonic Era. In the United States, the American Civil War saw the first use of a draft in both the Union and Confederate armies. All of the major global wars since the 19th century have seen conscripted armies fight in combat, and in some cases the major European powers maintained a large involuntary force prior to World War I. World War II was largely a war of conscripts as well. In the United States, with its Cold War-era wars in Korea and Vietnam, conscription played a major role in the dynamics of those conflicts both on the home front and the battlefield, particularly during the Vietnam years. Furthermore, it was the Vietnam experience that helped bring an end to conscription in the United States in 1973. Conscription was also a part of the European military dynamic during the Cold War, such as with National Service until 1963 in Great Britain, or as in the case of the Soviet Union throughout its existence. Also of great significance to the conscription debate is conscientious objection and anti-war movements, which in many cases became somewhat of an anti-draft movement. Due to a large number of sources on conscientious objection within the history of conscription, those works are woven in to a discussion of their respective wars, unless the work covers conscientious objection or draft resistance in a larger sense.

There proved to be no substantial objection to conscription during the War--in sharp contrast to World War I.

Conscription in australia ww1 essay conclusion

A new National Service Act of 1964 required 20 year old men, selected by a ballot of birthdays, to serve for two years in regular army units. In May 1965 the Defence Act was amended to provide that these conscripts could also be required to serve overseas. Between 1965 and 1972 (when the last Australian troops were withdrawn from Vietnam) over 800,000 men were registered for National Service, 63,000 were conscripted by the ballot. From 1965 to 1972, 15,381 national servicemen served in the Vietnam War, with 200 killed and 1,279 wounded.

My Pateral Grandfather Samuel Charles LORAM, a Brixham man born 2/10/1896, enlisted in the Royal Engineers during the First World War.

Conscription in australia essay

Although Canada could contribute through by other means, men use weapons and they are what win wars.
Conscription Was
Necessary in WW1

Canada was in desperate need to replace its supply of soldiers; however, there were very few volunteers to replace them.

The French Government after the World War I decided to reduce the term of conscription from 3 years to 18 months (1923).

Conscription in australia ww2 essay hook - …

The history of conscription is not a topic that has been a major focal point of military historians. As such, there is only one bibliography () that focuses explicitly on the subject. , while a disjointed collection of journal articles, is a valuable starting point for understanding the institution of conscription and its global impact. is similar, though the chapters are not collected journal articles and are more similar in scope. There are no major works that cover the entire breadth of conscription in any given country, let alone in a comparative sense. does include some historical analysis. covers the draft in the United States from World War II to the end of conscription in 1973. There is a comparative overview of the draft in the United States, Great Britain, and France during the 20th century in . examines the history of the American Congress and the draft. In American history, provides an excellent overview of the history of military service. The Canadian conscription experience is covered in .