Critical Appraisal Qualitative Research Nursing
Understanding Research and Critical Appraisal in …
Cossette, S., Frasure-Smith, N., Dupuis, J., Juneau, M., & Guertin, M. (2012). Randomized controlled trial of tailored nursing interventions to improve cardiac rehabilitation enrollment. Nursing Research, 61(2), 111-120.
This critical appraisal must be written in narrative format. Use headings for each section of the paper as identified in the guidelines, such as Strengths, Weaknesses, and Evaluation. You can also use subheadings of Problem and Purpose, Literature Review, and so forth as needed to organize your paper. Do not use outline numbers in this paper (i., ii., iii., etc.) or present the paper in outline format. This assignment is worth 100 points.
Research Paper On Performance Appraisal Free Essays
It is reassuring to see organizations moving away from the toxic practice of rank-and-yank. As Infosys and other companies have found, the collateral damage caused by rank-and-yank outweighs its dubious benefits. As the authors of an noted, forcing people into a rigid rank-order can cause a crippling "erosion of social capital" within the organization, precipitating an overall decline in collective performance. While I agree with that observation, I do not agree with "scrapping the bell curve". The bell curve is a useful tool and a beautiful piece of human science. What should be scrapped is its misuse in misguided schemes such as rank-and-yank.
"... big companies such as GE, Accenture and Deloitte are trumpeting their abandonment of the annual ritual of performance appraisal .... because it is much easier and less time-consuming to do them in real time via an app on a smartphone." Yes, but 'easier' and 'less time-consuming' does not automatically mean better, if the goal is to give considered, meaningful and useful feedback, of the type that actually leads to superior behavior.
Since when was the bell curve the enemy of humanity? The articles I am reading of late are incorrectly asserting that the bell curve is being abandoned. Shall we abandon the best-demonstrated piece of empirical psychology we know? Shall we abandon science? If you read the articles more closely, you will see that what is really being abandoned in most cases is the toxic practice of forced rankings. That is, rating people in such a way that the ratings distribution conforms to the bell curve shape. Forced rankings is a wrongheaded idea. But the bell curve itself is a fact, like gravity. Wrongheaded ideas come and go, but facts don't. The bell curve will continue to elegantly depict the truth of human nature.
Vicky Roberts of UK training firm Vista asks if the recent trend towards ditching the traditional annual performance appraisal (for example, see the articles above) will become widespread. Will we all bend with the trend? No doubt, sole reliance on the once-a-year review process will be change as new technology makes new methods of feedback more timely and convenient. But it will not be the end of performance appraisal, as such. Improvement is surpassingly difficult if not impossible in the absence of appropriate feedback. As Roberts rightly writes: "Certainly the concept of an annual review of performance has its flaws, and the oft-cited reason is that nobody likes surprises. This is true, issues should of course be dealt with as they arise, not saved as a bombshell for the annual appraisal. To borrow terminology from the world of educational assessment, performance management should be formative rather than summative."
Here's a scenario to keep HR managers awake at night. An African American employee with allegedly poor performance, documented through a performance appraisal, was terminated after a series of warnings and probation periods. The employee goes to court and claims racial bias. The court cannot find any evidence that the people who terminated the worker were motivated by racism. But on appeal, the employee invokes a legal argument known as the - "under which an employer may be found liable when a non-decision-making employee with discriminatory animus provided factual information or input that may have affected the adverse employment action." In other words, the evidence relied upon by the decision-makers may have been tainted by racial animus. Hence the decision to dismiss was similarly tainted.
"... we learned long ago that, particularly in technology, work-progress and achieved objectives depend upon a well-lubricated team-spirit. We cannot all be experts all the time in all venues. We depend, to meet an overall task or objective, on very diverse competencies. Thus, our ability to interact with people becomes a paramount attribute..."
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