Culture and Arts Essay - 257 Words - StudyMode

These fields are common for studies but Robert approaches them as a list of neither natural, consistent, nor logical based on cultural categories, less than those of societies and the function of compliers and materials that are to be complied (Th...

35 Great Articles and Essays about Art and Culture

These are essays which reveal the sensuous surface of art without mucking aboutin it.

1321 words short essay on the culture ..

All values are human values, relative values, in art as wellas elsewhere. Yet there does seem to have been more or less ofa general agreement among the cultivated of mankind over the agesas to what is good art and what bad. Taste has varied, but notbeyond certain limits; contemporary connoisseurs agree with theeighteenth-century Japanese that Hokusai was one of the greatestartists of his time; we even agree with the ancient Egyptiansthat Third and Fourth Dynasty art was the most worthy of beingselected as their paragon by those who came after. We may havecome to prefer Giotto to Raphael, but we still do not deny thatRaphael was one of the best painters of his time. There has beenan agreement then, and this agreement rests, I believe, on a fairlyconstant distinction made between those values only to be foundin art and the values which can be found elsewhere. Kitsch, byvirtue of a rationalized technique that draws on science and industry,has erased this distinction in practice.

Essay on Art and Culture - 621 Words | Cram

In his last article on the Soviet cinema in the Dwight Macdonald points out that kitsch has in thelast ten years become the dominant culture in Soviet Russia. Forthis he blames the political regime -- not only for the fact thatkitsch is the official culture, but also that it is actually thedominant, most popular culture, and he quotes the following fromKurt London's : ". . . the attitudeof the masses both to the old and new art styles probably remainsessentially dependent on the nature of the education affordedthem by their respective states." Macdonald goes on to say:"Why after all should ignorant peasants prefer Repin (a leadingexponent of Russian academic kitsch in painting) to Picasso, whoseabstract technique is at least as relevant to their own primitivefolk art as is the former's realistic style? No, if the massescrowd into the Tretyakov (Moscow's museum of contemporary Russianart: kitsch), it is largely because they have been conditionedto shun 'formalism' and to admire 'socialist realism.'"

Essays that contain your personal experiences and opinions, precisely, are actually reflective essays.
Old certainties about art gave way to new ones and all traditional values, systems and institutions were subjected to relentless critical analysis....

The Role of the Arts and Culture in Planning Practice

We must not be deceived by superficial phenomena and localsuccesses. Picasso's shows still draw crowds, and T. S. Eliotis taught in the universities; the dealers in modernist art arestill in business, and the publishers still publish some "difficult"poetry. But the avant-garde itself, already sensing the danger,is becoming more and more timid every day that passes. Academicismand commercialism are appearing in the strangest places. Thiscan mean only one thing: that the avant-garde is becoming unsureof the audience it depends on -- the rich and the cultivated.

Ours is a culture based on excess, on overproduction; the result is a steadyloss of sharpness in our sensory experience.

Essay on Indian Culture and Tradition - Important India

Because it can be turned out mechanically, kitsch has becomean integral part of our productive system in a way in which trueculture could never be, except accidentally. It has been capitalizedat a tremendous investment which must show commensurate returns;it is compelled to extend as well as to keep its markets. Whileit is essentially its own salesman, a great sales apparatus hasnevertheless been created for it, which brings pressure to bearon every member of society. Traps are laid even in those areas,so to speak, that are the preserves of genuine culture. It isnot enough today, in a country like ours, to have an inclinationtowards the latter; one must have a true passion for it that willgive him the power to resist the faked article that surroundsand presses in on him from the moment he is old enough to lookat the funny papers. Kitsch is deceptive. It has many differentlevels, and some of them are high enough to be dangerous to thenaive seeker of true light. A magazine like the ,which is fundamentally high-class kitsch for the luxury trade,converts and waters down a great deal of avant-garde materialfor its own uses. Nor is every single item of kitsch altogetherworthless. Now and then it produces something of merit, somethingthat has an authentic folk flavor; and these accidental and isolatedinstances have fooled people who should know better.

All the conditions of modern life- its material plenitude, its sheer crowdedness - conjoin to dull our sensoryfaculties.

College Essays - Art essay introduction

Nevertheless, if the masses were conceivably to ask for avant-gardeart and literature, Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin would not hesitatelong in attempting to satisfy such a demand. Hitler is a bitterenemy of the avant-garde, both on doctrinal and personal grounds,yet this did not prevent Goebbels in 1932-1933 from strenuouslycourting avant-garde artists and writers. When Gottfried Benn,an Expressionist poet, came over to the Nazis he was welcomedwith a great fanfare, although at that very moment Hitler wasdenouncing Expressionism as . This wasat a time when the Nazis felt that the prestige which the avant-gardeenjoyed among the cultivated German public could be of advantageto them, and practical considerations of this nature, the Nazisbeing skillful politicians, have always taken precedence overHitler's personal inclinations. Later the Nazis realized thatit was more practical to accede to the wishes of the masses inmatters of culture than to those of their paymasters; the latter,when it came to a question of preserving power, were as willingto sacrifice their culture as they were their moral principles;while the former, precisely because power was being withheld fromthem, had to be cozened in every other way possible. It was necessaryto promote on a much more grandiose style than in the democraciesthe illusion that the masses actually rule. The literature andart they enjoy and understand were to be proclaimed the only trueart and literature and any other kind was to be suppressed. Underthese circumstances people like Gottfried Benn, no matter howardently they support Hitler, become a liability; and we hearno more of them in Nazi Germany.