Cesare Beccaria: Of Crimes and Punishments
Cesare Beccaria: - Constitution Society
Daniel Hannan is MEP for South East England ('MEP:' 'Member of the European Parliament') and a prominent English aficionado. He criticizes the appalling lack of moral fibre of some bulls, as he sees it: they just don't want to make an effort, the layabouts. the Club Taurino of London, he writes about the bullfights he saw. He writes in a superior tone about bulls he obviously regards as not nearly as fearless as himself, bulls unwilling to fling themselves on the lance of the picador, the six spiked banderillas or the matador's sword (not forgetting the weapons used to hack at the spine - more of the descabello later):
On proportionality of punishments and the economic …
What vicious habit can be mentioned, what practice contrary to good faith, what crime even, the origin and first cause of which may not be traced in the legislation, institutions, and prejudices of the country in which we observe such habit, such practice, or such crime to be committed?
Essay on crimes and punishments 176
'Freedom of speech was hard-won in the West; the freedom only to speak inoffensively is no freedom at all ... Never mind the freedom to speak offensively: people have been invited to believe there is such a thing as the right not to be offended. Never mind that 'incitement to hatred' is a grey, disputable thing, and a different thing to incitement to violence, which was already a criminal offence. Never mind that most ideas are capable of giving offence ... And never mind that in the marketplace of ideas, 'hate speech' can be challenged, debated or ignored. What we now have is moderated free speech at best.'