Philosophy And Personal Identity Philosophy Essay

The evidence question dominated the literature on personal identityfrom the 1950s to the 1970s (good examples include Shoemaker 1963,1970 and Penelhum 1967, 1970). It is important to distinguish it fromthe persistence question. What it takes for you to persist throughtime is one thing; how we might find out whether you have isanother. If the criminal had fingerprints just like yours, the courtsmay conclude that he is you. But even if that is conclusive evidence,having your fingerprints is not what it is for a past orfuture being to be you: it is neither necessary (you could survivewithout any fingers at all) nor sufficient (someone else could havefingerprints just like yours).

Essay/Term paper: Personal identity - Dream Essays

Mental continuity as it relates to personal identity is a combination of memory and consciousness.

Psychological Continuity Of Personal Identity Philosophy …

Some material in this entry appeared previously in E. Olson,‘Personal Identity’, in The Blackwell Guide to thePhilosophy of Mind, edited by S. Stich and T. Warfield, Oxford:Blackwell, 2003.

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Assuming that organisms persist by virtue of some sort ofbrute-physical continuity, animalism implies a version of thebrute-physical view. A few philosophers endorse a brute-physical viewwithout saying that we are animals. They say that we are our bodies(Thomson 1997), or that our identity through time consists in theidentity of our bodies (Ayer 1936: 194). This has been called thebodily criterion of personal identity. Its relation to animalism isuncertain.

"Logi Gunnarsson - Philosophy of Personal Identity and Multiple Personality - Reviewed by John P.

The Problem of Personal Identity essay ..

Persistence. What does it take for a person topersist from one time to another—to continue existing ratherthan cease to exist? What sorts of adventures is it possible, in thebroadest sense of the word ‘possible’, for you to survive,and what sort of event would necessarily bring your existence to anend? What determines which past or future being is you? Suppose youpoint to a child in an old class photograph and say, “That’sme.” What makes you that one, rather than one of the others?What is it about the way she relates then to you as you are now thatmakes her you? For that matter, what makes it the case that anyone atall who existed back then is you? This is sometimes called thequestion of personal identity over time. An answer to it is an accountof our persistence conditions.

In this paper, I will address my personal opinions and philosophy about education....

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Whether we are organisms or were once embryos are substantivequestions that an account of personal identity ought to answer, notmatters to be settled in advance by the way we frame the debate. So itwould be a mistake to assume person essentialism at the outset. Askingquestion 1 prejudges the issue by favoring some accounts of what weare, and what it takes for us to persist, over others. It rules outboth animalism and the brute-physical view described in the nextsection. It is like asking which man committed the crime before rulingout the possibility that it might have been a woman.

Additionally, in the second premise it is noted that mental continuity is necessary in defining personal identity.

Why Is Personal Identity Important in Locke’s View? Essay

Due to the dynamic and controversial quality of this area, it is necessary for a prospective teacher to develop his or her personal philosophy of education, whether it is a hodge-podge of several standard examples or one clear viewpoint.

In essence, what we are searching for are the necessary and sufficient conditions for personal identity over time.

Essays on personal identity philosophy

Those who ask 1 rather than 2 usually do so because they assume thatevery person is a person : nothing that is in fact aperson could possibly exist without being a person. (By contrast,something that is in fact a student could exist without being astudent: no student is essentially a student, and it would be amistake to inquire about the conditions of student identity by askingwhat it takes for a student existing at one time to be identical to astudent existing at another time.) This claim, “personessentialism”, implies that whatever is a person at one timemust be a person at every time when she exists, making the twoquestions equivalent. Person essentialism is a controversialmetaphysical claim, however. Combined with one of the usual accountsof personhood, it implies that you could not have been an embryo: atbest you may have come into being when the embryo that gave rise toyou developed certain mental capacities. Nor could you come to be ahuman vegetable. For that matter, it rules out our being biologicalorganisms, since no organism is a person essentially: every humanorganism starts out as an embryo and may end up in a vegetativestate.