Britain considered it now owned this huge part of Australia.

This policy would enable the development of a domestic manufacturing industry, in this way allowing the development of a more broadly-based economy and freeing the people from being (as the Australian prime minister for much of the 1920s was fond of expressing it) ‘mere hewers of wood and drawers of water’ (or, as some saw it, just rural peasants of the British Empire, producing the land-based products necessary to allow the homeland to further its process of industrialisation).
The principal mechanism of the policy of trade protection was the tariff, a tax on imports (nearly all of which were manufactured goods).

European Settlement on Aboriginal Land Essay - 454 …

What is multiculturalism as a descriptor of Australia's population and settlement policy?

European settlement in australia essay

They argued that because unbroken generations of their people had lived on Mer and the adjacent islands, they were the customary owners, and held a traditional 'native title' over the islands and nearby seas, a title existing before British settlement in Australia and not granted by any government.

Impact of European settlement on Indigenous people, …

This desire had also been shown in the long, and finally successful, campaign to make the British government are to clear contaminated soil from the former atomic testing site on the Maralinga lands in south Australia.

After serving in the British Army and surveying in Spain, he sailed to Sydney, Australia, in 1827.


Clearly Australia has a rich migration history. However attitudes to migration and particularly to the ideal source of migrants have changed considerably over these 218 years. The first migrants were decidedly involuntary, the convicts transported from Britain, Ireland and, to a lesser degree, other British colonies. Altogether 80,000 arrived in New South Wales between 1788 and 1840. From the 1830s they were joined by small numbers of voluntary migrants, again principally from Britain and Ireland. Some came under their own resources, others with assistance from one of the public or private schemes then available.

impact of early european settlement in ..

The tariff served to make imports relatively more expensive and thus encourage the development of Australian manufacturing industry.
The scope and extent of tariffs was greatly expanded during the decade of the 1920s (although the origins of the policy can be traced back to before WWI) and then, in the context of the Depression in the early 1930s.
The policy (although as noted in the Topic Notes it was in some ways paradoxical in so far as an attempt to develop a more broadly based economy conflicted with the view of Australia’s ‘place’ in the British Empire) was to underpin, indeed be the key element in, Australian economic history for several decades until it was abandoned in the 1980s.
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Oxley was born in England, and sailed to Australia in 1802 while in the British Navy.

Upon European settlement in Australia, ..

The judgment overturned the old idea that when the British occupied Australia the land was practically unoccupied and belonged to no-one, the idea expressed in the Latin phrase , 'no-one's land'.

In 1788, when European settlement began, Australia’s Aboriginal population was about 400,000.

of colonial administration and of white settlement in Australia.

In 1788, when European settlement began, Australia’s Aboriginal population was about 400,000. Today, over 20 million people live here. Migration has been the main driver for this change. In New South Wales, four out of every ten people are either migrants or the children of migrants.

Resentment became more obvious at the 150th anniversary of white settlement in Australia.

of Australia at the time of European settlement

However, with the discovery of gold just outside Bathurst in 1851, the nature of Australian migration changed completely. People arrived in far greater numbers and from more varied backgrounds than ever before. Between 1851 and 1861 over 600,000 came and while the majority were from Britain and Ireland, 60,000 came from Continental Europe, 42,000 from China, 10,000 from the United States and just over 5,000 from New Zealand and the South Pacific. Although Australia never again saw such a rush of new immigrants, the heightened interest in settling here remained. By the time of Federation the total population was close to four million of whom one in four was born overseas. Many had been given assisted passages. Whilst the majority were of British or Irish extraction, there were significant numbers of Europeans, particularly Germans, and Chinese.