Objective Preschool Observation - Essay by Bl3Ss3Do6

Given the centrality of the concept for science and everyday life,it is not surprising that attempts to find ready characterizations arebound to fail. For one thing, there are two fundamentally differentways to understand the term: product objectivity andprocess objectivity. According to the firstunderstanding, science is objective in that, or to the extent that,its products—theories, laws, experimental results andobservations—constitute accurate representations of the externalworld. The products of science are not tainted by human desires,goals, capabilities or experience. According to the secondunderstanding, science is objective in that, or to the extent that,the processes and methods that characterize it neither depend oncontingent social and ethical values, nor on the individual bias of ascientist. Especially this second understanding is itselfmulti-faceted; it contains, inter alia, explications in termsof measurement procedures, individual reasoning processes, or thesocial and institutional dimension of science. The semantic richnessof scientific objectivity is also reflected in the multitude ofcategorizations and subdivisions of the concept (e.g., Megill 1994;Douglas 2004).

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Early Childhood-objective child observation - EssayZoo

Max Weber thought that "statements of fact are one thing, statements of value another, and any confusing of the two is impermissible," Ralf Dahrendorf writes in his essay "Max Weber and Modern Social Science," acknowledging that Weber clarified the difference between pronouncements of fact and of value. Although Dahrendorf goes on to note the ambiguities in Weber's writings between factual analysis and value-influenced pronouncements, he stops short of offering an explanation for them other than to say that Weber, being human, could not always live with his own demands for objectivity. Indeed, Dahrendorf leaves unclear exactly what Weber's view of objectivity was. More specifically, Dahrendorf does not venture to lay out a detailed explanation of whether Weber believed that the social scientist could eliminate the influence of values from the analysis of facts.

The objective of this observation is to ..

Did Weber believe that, even though facts are one thing and values another, social and economic facts could be evaluated without the analysis being influenced by values? And what is the relation of objectivity to values? Could objectivity, for instance, be used to show that one value is superior to another? Or does objectivity apply only to the analysis of facts? Do one's values or perspective stem from human nature, metaphysical views, personal identity, or is it just as likely that they are a mere construct of culture?

What Is an Objectives Statement
01.09.2017 · Although the objective of the Observation essay would be to explain your findings, it has to furthermore have a objective.

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Finally, we come to the full-fledged establishment of mechanicalobjectivity as the ideal of scientific representation. What we find isthat the image, as standard bearer of is objectivity is tied to arelentless search to replace individual volition and discretion indepiction by the invariable routines of mechanicalreproduction. (Daston and Galison 1992: 98)

Mar 15, 2011 · The Objective Structured Clinical Examination is a versatile multipurpose evaluative tool that can be utilized to assess health care …

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Finally, there is a principled philosophical objection against theobjectivity of frequentist evidence: the sample spacedependence. That is, in frequentist statistics, the strengthof the evidence depends on which results could have beenobserved (but were not observed). For instance, thepost-experimental assessment of the evidence has to be changed when welearn about a defect in our measurement instrument, even if thatdefect is not relevant for the range of the actually observed results!On a Bayesian reading, this implies that frequentist evidencestatements depend on the intentions of the experimenter(Edwards, Lindman and Savage 1963; Sprenger 2009): Would she havecontinued the trial if the results had been different? How would shehave reacted to unforeseen circumstances? Freedom from personal biasseems hard to realize if one's inference depends on the answer to suchquestions.

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Whatever it is, it should come as no surprise that finding apositive characterization of what makes science objective is hard. Ifwe knew an answer, we would have done no less than solve the problemof induction (because we would know what procedures or forms oforganization are responsible for the success of science). Work on thisproblem is an ongoing project, and so is the quest for understandingscientific objectivity.