Chaim Potok uses many different types of silence in The Chosen
The Chosen: Essay Q&A | Novelguide
But, how is this harmony with nature to be manifested in music? Cagefound the answer to this question from the works of Ananda Coomaraswamy:"Art is to imitate nature in her manner of operation." This isnot to be confused with imitating nature's . How doesnature operate? According to one current scientific theory, natural phenomena,at least on a microcosmic scale, are not based upon a mechanical, deterministicmodel, but one based on indeterminacy and chance, such as in quantum mechanicsand chaos theory. Cage did refer to art following the lead of science,and the convergence is an interesting one, especially since he chose touse indeterminacy and chance in making his music from the time of on.
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From this we can tell that a simple toss of coins was not sufficientto determine the durations, but that these were somehow correlated withfractions and that the charted durations were summations of these fractions(hence "segmented"). The rhythmic structure for the (and presumably also for ) was 3, 5, 6.75,6.75, 6.75, 5, 3.12554 . When added, these numbers total 29.625,a number very close to the 30" used for the first movement of .The chance operations used in the sometimes yielded"impossible requirements, in which case the player is to use his orher own discretion, so that chance generates conditions in which choicemust be exercised. Cage was charged by Henry Cowell with not fully liberatinghimself from his tastes."55