Seeing Greece of the Dark Ages (c.
Beldar Conehead takes Sinbad's advice.
The Sanskrit term was originally for a class of deities, such as Varuna, that were somewhat more remote and fearsome than the devas, who were the gods, like Indra, that were closer to human affairs.
Note 4Miriam Lichtheim, , University of California Press, 1973, p.
As it happens, the Loeb edition of Herodotus [, Volume III, Books V-VII, Harvard, 1928, 2006, pp.544-545] translates the inscription as, "Go tell the Spartans, thou that passest by,/ That here obedient to their words we lie." Oh.
A summary of Chapter III in Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species
Phoenician colonies coexisted with Greek cities in Cyprus and Sicily, but excluded Greeks on Sardinia and Corsica, in the south of Spain, and especially along North Africa.
Darwin Online: Darwin's Publications
But after all this, we may then ask, that if trade is to be associated with the origin of philosophy, why did not philosophy start with the Phoenicians?
SparkNotes: Charles Darwin: The Origin of Species
The largest modern cities derived from Greek colonies are probably Marseille in France (Massilia), in Italy (Neapolis, the "New City" -- remembered in the name of "Neapolitan" icecream), and Istanbul (originally Byzantion, later Constantinopolis -- ).
A summary of The Origin of Species in 's Charles Darwin
After some conflict and the rule of tyrants (especially Pisitratus), overthrown in 510, Cleisthenes led Athens into essentially pure democracy .